Azido-dPEG®₁₂-NHS ester

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Azido-dPEG®12-NHS ester, product number 10505, contains an azide group linked to an N-hydroxysuccinimidyl (NHS) ester through a single molecular weight, discrete polyethylene glycol (dPEG®) spacer that is 40 atoms (47.2 Å) long. This product works with copper(I)-catalyzed or ruthenium-catalyzed click chemistry and with copper-free click chemistry using Quanta BioDesign’s line of DBCO-functionalized dPEG® products. The dPEG® spacer imparts water solubility and adds hydrodynamic volume to the conjugated product. The single molecular weight product design, with its discrete chain length, simplifies the analysis of this product.

NHS esters are the most popular, most widely used way to conjugate carboxylic acids to primary or secondary amines resulting in stable amide bonds. NHS esters react quickly and efficiently in aqueous media at physiological pH values (7.0 – 7.5). However, they are prone to hydrolysis over time. Moreover, the rate of hydrolysis is pH-dependent. Consequently, they must be used immediately upon dissolution in water or aqueous buffer. Published research, as well as work done internally by Quanta BioDesign, has shown that 2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenyl (TFP) esters are more hydrolytically stable and have better reactivity than NHS esters. For more information, please click TFP Esters Have More Hydrolytic Stability and Greater Reactivity Than NHS Esters.

From its publication in 2001 by K. Barry Sharpless and colleagues, click chemistry has grown consistently in popularity and importance for the development of new chemical structures. The first-reported click chemistry reactions were catalyzed by copper(I) and are known as Cu(I)-catalyzed azide alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). Subsequently, copper free click chemistry (formally known as strain promoted azide alkyne cycloaddition, or SPAAC) was developed by Carolyn Bertozzi and colleagues to facilitate click chemistry reactions in living cells without the use of toxic copper salts. For more information, please see Click Chemistry with dPEG® Reagents. {link}

Quanta BioDesign offers numerous click chemistry reagents, including a broad array of azide-functionalized dPEG® products and dPEG® products functionalized with dibenzyl cyclooctyne (DBCO) for SPAAC. Click here to see a complete list of our click chemistry products.

If you need bulk product in a larger package size than our standard sizes, please contact us for a quote. Our commercial capabilities permit us to manufacture this product at any scale that you need.

Application References:

  1. Hermanson, G. T. Chapter 3, The Reactions of Bioconjugation. Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd edition. Academic Press: New York, 2013, pp 229-258, especially pages 233-234 (NHS esters) and pages 238-239 (fluorophenyl esters). Want to learn more about Greg’s book? Click here now for a review of Greg’s book and a link to purchase it.
  2. Hermanson, G. T. Chapter 17, Chemoselective Ligation; Bioorthogonal Reagents. Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd edition. Academic Press: New York, 2013, pp 757-786, particularly pages 769-775 where click chemistry is discussed.
  3. Hermanson, G. T. Chapter 18, PEGylation and Synthetic Polymer Modification. Bioconjugate Techniques, 3rd edition. Academic Press: New York, 2013, pp 787-838.
  4. Kolb, H. C.; Finn, M. G.; Sharpless, K. B. Click Chemistry: Diverse Chemical Function from a Few Good Reactions. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2001, 40, 2004-2021. https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3773(20010601)40:11%3C2004::AID-ANIE2004%3E3.0.CO;2-5
  5. Kolb, H. C.; Sharpless, K. B. The growing impact of click chemistry on drug discovery. Drug Disc. Today, 2003, 8(24), 1128-1137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6446(03)02933-7.
  6. Baskin, J. M.; Bertozzi, C. R. Bioorthogonal Click Chemistry: Covalent Labeling in Living Systems. QSAR & Combinatorial Science 2007, 26(11–12), 1211–1219. https://doi.org/10.1002/qsar.200740086.
  7. Patterson, D. M.; Nazarova, L. A.; Prescher, J. A. Finding the Right (Bioorthogonal) Chemistry. ACS Chem. Biol. 2014, 9(3), 592–605. https://doi.org/10.1021/cb400828a.
  8. Dommerholt, J.; Rutjes, F. P. J. T.; van Delft, F. L. Strain-Promoted 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition of Cycloalkynes and Organic Azides. Top. Curr. Chem. (Z) 2016, 374(2), 16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41061-016-0016-4.
  9. Johansson, J. R.; Beke-Somfai, T.; Said Stålsmeden, A.; Kann, N. Ruthenium-Catalyzed Azide Alkyne Cycloaddition Reaction: Scope, Mechanism, and Applications. Chem. Rev. 2016, 116(23), 14726–14768. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00466.

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Additional information

Weight .5 oz
Dimensions .75 × .75 × 2 in